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Book Title: Aklın Yönetimi İçin Kurallar|
The author of the book: René Descartes
Edition: Say Yayınları
Date of issue: 2013
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 466 KB
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Reader ratings: 6.2
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1628 ve 1629 yılları arasında kaleme alınan ve Descartes'ın ilk büyük felsefi çalışması olarak kabul edilen Aklın Yönetimi İçin Kurallar kitabı, ünlü düşünürün ölümünden sonra derlenerek basılmıştır. Descartes, eserde yer alan kurallar vasıtasıyla, insanın aklına gelebilecek her türlü soruya bir yanıt vererek Yöntem Üzerine Konuşmalar (1637) eserine göndermede bulunur ve zihnin temel bütünlüğünü gözler önüne serme amacını taşır. Eserde yöntem, doğanın düzene konulması olarak sunulmakta ve zihnin temel işlemleri olan sezgi ile tümdengelime ışık tutulmaktadır. Bunun yanı sıra Descartes, düzenin ve ölçünün genel bilimi olarak "evrensel bilim" projesinden de söz eder ve bu projeyi yalnızca hesaplanabilen değil, tüm soruların yanıtı olarak görür.
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Read information about the authorRené Descartes, also known as Renatus Cartesius (Latinized form), was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer. He has been dubbed the "Father of Modern Philosophy," and much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which continue to be studied closely. His influence in mathematics is also apparent, the Cartesian coordinate system that is used in plane geometry and algebra being named for him, and he was one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution.
Descartes frequently sets his views apart from those of his predecessors. In the opening section of the Passions of the Soul, a treatise on the Early Modern version of what are now commonly called emotions, he goes so far as to assert that he will write on his topic "as if no one had written on these matters before". Many elements of his philosophy have precedents in late Aristotelianism, the revived Stoicism of the 16th century, or in earlier philosophers like St. Augustine. In his natural philosophy, he differs from the Schools on two major points: First, he rejects the analysis of corporeal substance into matter and form; second, he rejects any appeal to ends — divine or natural — in explaining natural phenomena. In his theology, he insists on the absolute freedom of God’s act of creation.
Descartes was a major figure in 17th century continental rationalism, later advocated by Baruch Spinoza and Gottfried Leibniz, and opposed by the empiricist school of thought consisting of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. Leibniz, Spinoza and Descartes were all versed in mathematics as well as philosophy, and Descartes and Leibniz contributed greatly to science as well. As the inventor of the Cartesian coordinate system, Descartes founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry, crucial to the invention of calculus and analysis. Descartes' reflections on mind and mechanism began the strain of Western thought that much later, impelled by the invention of the electronic computer and by the possibility of machine intelligence, blossomed into the Turing test and related thought. His most famous statement is: Cogito ergo sum (French: Je pense, donc je suis; English: I think, therefore I am), found in §7 of part I of Principles of Philosophy (Latin) and in part IV of Discourse on the Method (French).
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